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Intellectual Property Law

Copyright - Subject Matter - Literary Works - Dramatic Works - Musical Works - Artistic Works - Films - Sound Recordings - Broadcasts & Cable Programmes - Published Editions -  Originality - New Works - Derivative Works - Authorship - Ownership - Infringement - Primary Infringement and Secondary Infringement - Authorisation - Permitted Acts/Exceptions/Defences - Remedies - Moral Rights - Trademarks - Introduction - Registrable Mark - Absolute grounds for refusal - Other absolute grounds for invalidity - The relative grounds for refusal: Section 5 TMA - Revocation - Infringement -Defences - Remedies - Passing off - Definition/Overview - Goodwill - Misrepresentation - Damage -Defences - Character Merchandising - Patents - Novelty - Inventive Step - Susceptible to Industrial Application - Sufficieny of disclosure - Entitlement - Excluded subject matter - Infringement -Defences                         

Administrative Law

Legitimate expectations - Central Issues - Nature of the problem - Intra vires representations - The determination of whether the expectation is reasonable and legitimate - Procedural legitimate expectations - Substantive legitimate expectations - The standard of review when the administration seeks to defeat a legitimate interest - Assessment - Types of case - Changes of policy - Departure from an existing policy - Individualised representations - Decisions, Final Determinations and Estoppel by Record - Ultra vires representations -  Judicial Review - Standing - Senior Courts Act s.31(3) - Interpretation of the test - Public interest challenges - Locus standi under the HRA - Intervention in Judicial Review actions - The function of standing - The problem of fusion - Vindication of private rights - Citizen Action (actio popularis)                 

European Human Rights Law

Article 10: Freedom of Expression - The scope of protection - Positive obligations - Access to Information - The relationship between Article 10 and Article 17 - Incitement to violence - Political Expression - Artistic Expression - Commercial Expression - The Press/Journalistic Freedom - Legitimate aim: Maintaining the authority and impartiality of the judiciary - Legitimate aim: National Security and Public Order - Article 14 ECHR - The meaning of discrimination and equality - Justifications - Proportionality          

Tort Law 

Defamation complete with Defences - Intentional Injuries to the Person - Trespass to Person - Battery - False Imprisonment - Intentionally causing nervous shock - Defences of Consent, Self Defence and Necessity - Occupier's Liability under the 1957 & 1984 Acts - Private Nuisance and the Rule in Rylands v Fletcher including Defences - Vicarious Liability   


Equity and Trusts law 

Types of Trusts - Trust Case List - The Three Certainties - Formalities - Constitution - The Grey & Vandervell Cases explained - The Re Rose Principle - Secret Trusts - Discussions on Hunter v Moss - McPhail v Doulton - Re Baden's Deed Trust No. 2 - Milroy v Lord and the Re Rose Exceptions - Vandervell v IRC - Grey v IRC - Oughtred v IRC - Constructive Trusts - Personal Liability for Knowing Receipt and Dishonest Assistance - Promises to Settle - Resulting Trusts       


European Union Law

Academic Commentary - Institutions - Direct Effect - Competition Policy - Free Movement of Goods - The General Principles of EU Law - Judicial Review - Free Movement of Goods - Free Movement of Persons - Judicial Review


Conflict of Laws

Academic Commentary - Contracts - Domicile - Foreign Judgments Recognition & Enforcement under common law & the Council Regulation - Jurisdiction under The Council Regulation 44/2001 - Jurisdiction Actions to freeze, stay or restrain - Jurisdiction under the traditional rules - Stays and restraint of proceedings - Tort common law rules, the 1995 Act and the Rome II Regulation - The Spiliada Doctrine and the Council Regulations - The Brussels Convention


Jurisprudence & Legal Theory

The Concept of Law Chapter 2: Laws, Commands and Orders - Chapter 3: The Variety of Laws - Chapter 4: Sovereign and Subject - Chapter 5: Law as the Union of Primary and Secondary Rules - Chapter 6: The Rule of Recognition and Legal Validity - Feminism - Marxism - The Natural Law Philosophy of John Finnis - Lon L. Fuller - Soft Positivism - HLA Hart - Ronald Dworkin 


Constitutional/Public Law

Parliamentary Sovereignty - Judicial Review - Separation of Powers and Constitutional Deadlock - Delegated Legislation


Criminal Law

Causation - Actus Reus - State of Affairs - Omissions Cases - Transferred Malice - Recklessness - Mens Rea - Assault - Battery - Criminal law Definitions - Essay on Omissions


Contract Law

Offer - Acceptance - Consideration - Intention to create legal relations - Privity of Contract - Formalities - Contracts for Sale of Land - Express Terms - Implied Terms - Exclusion Clauses - Misrepresentation - Discharge by Performance - Discharge by Agreement - Frustration - Discharge by Breach - Remedies for Breach of Contract - Essay on Formation of Contracts - Essay on Exclusion Clauses - Unfair Contracts Terms Act 1977 and Exclusion Clauses


Employment Law

Employment Status - Mutuality of Obligations, Substitution - What is an Employee - Employment Contracts - Employer's Obligations of Health and Safety - Psychiatric Ilness - Recent Developments relating to bullying - Protection against Harassment Act 1997 - Confidentiality, Fidelity and Restrictive Covenants - Mutual Trust and Confidence - Constructive Dismissal - Protection of wages - Unauthorised deductions - Overpayment of wages - National Minimum Wage Act 1998 - Work-Life Balance Rights/Family Friendly Provisions - Paternity Leave - Work and Families Act 2006 - Additional Paternity Leave Regulations 2010 - Adoptive leave - Rights for Parents - Termination of Employment - Wrongful Dismissal - Statutory Unfair Dismissal - Suspension with pay - Remedies for wrongful dismissal - Unfair Dismissal - Redundancy - Cessation of Employment - Unfair Redundancy - Transfer of Undertakings Protection of Employment Regulations 2006 (TUPE) - Discrimination and the Equality Act 2010 - Victimisation - Equal Pay - Sex Discrimination Act 1975 - Material Defence Factor - Dress Code and Appearance - Religion or belief discrimination in Employment - Disability discrimination in Employment - Disability Discrimination Act 1995


English Legal System

The Woolf Reforms - Judges - The Legal Profession - Juries - Paying for Legal Services - Criminal Justice System - Civil Justice System - Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) - Tribunals - The doctrine of precedent - Judicial Appointment Process - Statutory Interpretation - The mirror and the dialogue   


Islamic Law

Muslim Marriage Contracts and Variations


Land Law

Land Registration Act 2002 - Leases - Types of Leases and Case List - Introduction to Land Law - Mortgages - Licences - Trusts of Land - Trusts in the Family Home - Easements and Covenants 


Evidence Law

Questions and Answers on different aspects of the Law of Evidence


Commercial Law

Essay on the Nemo Dat Rule - Practical Competition Law - Vertical Agreements - Distributorship Agreement Issues - Intellectual Property Law - Patents, Trademarks and Copyrights - Registered Design and Unregistered Design Rights - Technology Transfer Agreements - Company and Business Sales - Asset or Share Sale? - Consideration and Taxation - Commercial Agency - Types of Agency Agreements - Sources of Agency law - The Commercial Agents (Council Directive) Regulations 1993 - Franchising  


Company Law 

Academic Commentary - Judicial Veil Lifting - Company Law Reform Process - Dealing with insiders: the articles of association & shareholders' agreements - Dealing with outsiders: ultra vires & other attribution issues - Director's Duties - Majority Rule & Statutory Minority Protection


Business Law & Practice

Setting up a Company - Articles of Association - Allotment of Shares - Share Transfers - Dividends and Shareholder Rights - Financial Services - Buy Back of Shares - Directors Company/Contract - Taxation Issues - Company Procedures and Directors - Loans to Directors - Dealings with Directors - Choice of Business Medium Tax Aspects - EC Law and Business Contracts - Company Finance - Voluntary Winding Up - Insolvency Procedures - Insolvency, Antecedent Transactions & Order of Priority - Partnership


Property Law & Practice

Transaction Structure and Taking Instructions - Investigating Title - Drafting Contract - Pre-Contract Searches and Enquiries - Conduct - Exchange to Completion - Completion to Registration - Conduct Issues - Investigating Title and Mortgages - Investigation of Title 2 - Completion and Registration - Sales of Part - Remedies - Introduction to Leasehold - Landlord and Tenant Act 1954 - Contents of a Lease - Grant of Lease - Rent and Rent Review - Contents of Lease 2 - Alienation


Civil Litigation

Taking Initial Instructions and Funding - Investigation, Case Analysis and Evidence - Substantive Law in Solicitors Negligence Claim - Evidence - Hearsay - Pre-Action Protocol and Pre-Action Consideration - Professional Negligence Protocol - Limitation Period - Fact Investigation, Case Analysis, Strategy and Evidence  - Substantive Law in Sale of Goods Contract - Proofs and Evidence - Rules on Witness Statements - Statements of Case and Commencement of Proceedings - Claim Form - Particulars of Claim - Acknowledgement of Service and Defence - Calculating Interest - Tactical Issues including Part 20 - Defendants Consideration upon receiving Claim Form - Interim Applications - Security for Costs - Application Procedure - Evidence in Interim Applications - Advice to Client Following Hearing - Part 36, Alternative Dispute Resolution and Settlement - Procedure for Part 36 Offer - Alternative Dispute Resolution - Summary and Default Judgment - Procedure for Application - Costs - Default Judgment (Part 12) - Allocation and Case Management - Split Trial - Allocation - Case Management in Multi-Track (Part 29) - Case Management Conference - Disclosure and Inspection - Privilege - Answering Disclosure Questions - Exchange of Witness Statements and Experts - Formalities for Witness Statements - Expert Evidence - Trial and Preparation for Trial - Pre-Trial Checklist and Pre-Trial Review - Rules for Admitting Evidence - Preparation for Trial - Costs - Appeals - Enforcement of Money Judgments


Criminal Litigation

Summary Offences - Offences Triable either way - Offences Triable only on Indictment - Initial Steps - Conduct Issues - Police Codes of Practice and First Investigation - Solicitor's role and the Police Station - Initial Steps after Charge - Conduct Issues - Solicitor's role - First Apperance at Court - Bail and Mode of Trial - Court Bail - Plea Before Venue - (Guilty Plea Indicated) - Mode of Trial Hearing - Defendant's Right to Elect Court - Preparation for Crown Court Trial - Preparation for Plea and Case Management Hearing - Plea and Case Management Hearing - Trial Procedure - Evidence - Silence and Inferences - Confessions - Attacking Witness' and Defendant's Credibility - Regulatory Offences - Case Study involving Environmental Agency - Sentencing and Appeals


Advanced Commercial Property

Searches Relevant to a Commercial Property Transaction - Specific Issues relating to Title - Analysing Contract Documents - Value Added Tax - Sales of Part - Sale/Purchase of Tenanted Property - Acquisition Contract - The need for Planning Permission - Obtaining Planning Permission - Applications for Planning Permission - Enforcement and Other Controls - Planning Permission Issues - Definition and Identification of Contaminated Land - Exclusion Tests - Options and Overage - Construction and Design Defects - Typical Contractual Structure - Features of a Construction Contract - Agreements for Lease - Repair Clauses - Insurance Clauses - Service Charge Clauses - Open Market Rent Review - Alienation - Assignment - Underletting - Tenant's Insolvency


Advanced Commercial Litigation

Alternative Dispute Resolution - What is ADR and Negotiation? - Negotiation and Mediation - Why use ADR? - Disclosure and Inspection - Privilege - Disclosure Issues, Applications and Submissions - Freezing Injunctions - Insolvency and Bankruptcy - International Jurisdiction - Search Orders


Insurance law

Construction Revision - The Hoffman Principles - Business Common Sense - Ordinary Meaning - Ejusdem Generis Rule - Technical Words - Contra Proferentum Rule - Unfair Terms in Consumer Contracts Regulations 1999 - The Parol Evidence Rule - Canada and the US - Accident Policies - Good Faith in Insurance Contracts - Materiality and the Requirement of Influence - Insurer's Duty - Moral Hazard - Remedy - Basis of Duty - Industry Approach - Misrepresentation - Composite Insurance - Reform - Duty of Disclosure Abroad - The Consumer Insurance (Disclosure and Representations) Act 2012 - Insurable Interest Revision - Does the Life Assurance Act 1774 Apply to Goods? - Argument of Moral Hazard - Problems with Insurable Interest - Reform - Law Commission Issue Paper 2008 - Definition of Insurable Interest in Life Insurance - Timing of the Interest - Moral Hazard - Consequences of Breach - Law Commission Proposals for Life Insurance - Abroad - Causation Revision - Proximate Cause Rule - Contracting out of the Proximate cause rule - Multiple Causes - The US Approach - Negligent and Wilful Conduct of the Insured - Reasonable Care Clauses - Mitigation - Claim Against the Insurer - Motor Insurance and Crime in General - Forfeiture Act 1982 - Terms in Insurance Contracts - Warranties - Terms descriptive of the risk - Waiver and Estoppel - Conditions - Innominate Terms - Criticisms of Warranties - Basis of Contract Clause - Consequences for breach of warranty - Law Commission Position - Unfair Terms in Consumer Contracts Regulations 1999 - Industry Reforms - Other Jurisdictions - Constructions Issues

 

Banking law 

Duty of Care and Duty to Advise - Fraudulent advice - Action for misrepresentation - Action for breach of contract - Action for negligent misstatement - Lending Decisions - FSMA 2000 Section 150 - Banking Regulation in the UK - Turner Review 2009 - Dangers with the new approach - Accountability - Enforcement Issues - Funding - Bank of England - Financial Services Bill 2012 - Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) - Overlap between FCA and PRA - Cooperation between FCA, PRA and the Bank of England - Reporting Requirements - Efficiency Reviews -  Accountability to the Public and Stakeholders - Judicial Review - Regulation of the Banker-Customer Relationship - Freedom of Contract - UCTA 1977 - UTCCR 1999 - Consumer Credit Act 1974 and 2006 - FSMA 2000 - Financial Ombudsman Service - BCOBS - Unauthorised and Incorrectly executed payments - Exceptions - Payment Services Directive - Payment Services Regulations - Disputed Transactions under the PSRs - Distance Selling Regulations 2000 - Exception to DSRs - Litigation Problems - Deposit Protection Rules - Financial Services Protection Scheme - Entitlement to FSPS - Investor Protection Scheme - Data Protection Act 1998 - Lending Code - Termination of contract


 

Legal Aspects of International Finance

Negative Pledge Clauses and Covenants - Securitisation - True Sale - Recharacterisation Risks - Limited Recourse - Subordination - Non-Petition Covenants - Insolvency Risk for Originator or SPV - Tranching - Security - Liquidated Facility and Credit Enhancements - Loan Sale - Transfer Mechanisms - Novation - Assignment - Legal Assignment - Equitable Assignment - Sub-participation - Risk Participation - Declaration of Trust - No Transfer Clauses


International and Commercial Trusts law

 

 

 

Public Companies and Capital Markets

 




Private Acquisitions

 

 

 

International and Comparative Secured Transactions

 

 

 

Cross-Border Mergers & Acquisitions  

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